The pattern of international logistics channels is undergoing profound changes
The “One Belt and One Road” has driven the change in the pattern of international logistics channels. This change can be summarized in the following three aspects.
The first is that the international logistics channel is changing from shipping to mainline transportation to land and sea transportation. The practice of the China-European Bangli Group is a good example of this view. The new channel is to solve the problem that the goods are quickly connected to the international market after the industrial transfer to inland, and the channel transit time is a key factor for participating in the international supply chain. Usually, when the value of each container is high, long-term shipping will consume a large amount of capital costs for the current assets in transit. Therefore, China and Europe will have a relatively clear time advantage. From the maritime era to the Continental Bridge era, the global supply chain landscape is also being restructured, and new logistics channels are also building new logistics systems, including infrastructure and transportation service rules.
The second is that the international logistics channel model has changed from a trade or transportation channel to a logistics channel. China's understanding of logistics channels has gone through three processes: traffic channels, economic corridors, and logistics channels. The traffic channel emphasizes the construction of infrastructure and paves the composite traffic axis on the transport routes with large cargo volume. The theory that we based on during this period is the “basic theory” that transportation is the basic project of the national economy. The economic corridor emphasizes economic and trade exchanges, promotes cross-regional cooperation, and solves the problem of unbalanced development. The capacity of transportation and service must adapt to economic development, and it must establish a moderately advanced infrastructure and propose the "adaptation theory" and "advanced theory." The logistics channel focuses on the supply of logistics services, focusing on the optimization of the supply chain layout and forming a new economic cooperation pattern. Therefore, the country has proposed that transportation is a “strategic” and “leading” industry, and put forward the “leadership” development concept. . Most of the transportation channels are often used for large-scale materials, pursuing heavy loads, and are incompatible with low-volume, diligent distribution, multi-site, multi-industry customers, multi-distribution, and high-efficiency logistics services. Rail transportation is particularly evident. The logistics channel is a new service that serves the transformation of the international supply chain. It pursues the economic scale as its starting point and is driven by the innovation rules. It is a tangible service system that connects the facilities and the intangible rules. It requires various modes of transportation to form a high level of strategic synergy. The common top-level design of stakeholders is needed. The basis of the logistics channel is network construction, including transportation, transportation, cargo collection, operation organization, and informatization network. The channel construction and operation entity is a platform organization formed by strategic cooperation among the leading enterprises in each link, and the means of operation is a cross-border information platform.
Third, the transformation of international logistics channel services from a single mode of transportation to multimodal transport services. The impact of global industrial transfer on logistics efficiency is reflected in the construction of a multimodal transport system. The global supply chain model is divided into four types: global distribution systems, global suppliers, offshore processing, and fully integrated global supply chains. China can now participate in and even dominate the global supply chain layout. The efficiency requirements of the logistics system are increasing, but the global distribution capabilities of the logistics system have not yet been formed. Promoting the construction of multimodal transport systems is an effective way to establish a global logistics system. Multimodal transportation adopts a standard loading unit as a continuous transportation mode, adopting an efficient transportation service model of “one cabinet in the end” and “one single in the end”. The multimodal transport system is a guarantee that the service objectives can be achieved. Therefore, how to realize the seamless construction of waterways, highways, and railways on infrastructure and business synergy becomes the key bottleneck problem in the construction of the logistics channel.